"Circle Jerk" is a pejorative sầu slang term referring khổng lồ a positive feedbaông chồng loop which occurs when an idea, belief or meme that is already customary within an online community becomes re-iterated and rewarded in a perpetual cycle, giving rise khổng lồ redundancy, clichés and karma whoring. This phenomenon is typically observed in communities consisting of self-contained forums devoted to specific interests, beliefs or subcultures.
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The term "circle jerk" was initially used khổng lồ describe a sexual practice in which a group of men masturbate themselves or each other while sitting in a circle. The earliest known use of the term dates bachồng to 1979, when the Los Angeles punk bvà the Bedwetters renamed their b& lớn the Circle Jerks after one of the b& members found it in a dictionary of English slang words. While there are digital footprints of its usage on Usenet newsgroups<15> in the 1980s and 1990s, "circle jerk" largely remained an offline slang term.<16>
Then on January 22nd, 1999, Online Slang Dictionary<4> user Audrey M. submitted an entry for "circle jerk," alternatively defining the term as "a pointless group endeavor." On February 12th, 2001, the book Studs, Tools, và the Family Jewels: Metaphors Men Live By<2> by Peter Francis Murphy was released, defining "circlejerk" as "a boring or time-wasting meeting or other sự kiện." On May 17th, 2003, Urban Dictionary<7> user "anti-racist" submitted an entry for the term "circlejerk," which defined the term as both a group sex act & an eđến chamber-style discussion.
"To kneel in a circle with others & pleasure oneself. Also refers lớn a pompous, self-congratulatory discussion where little khổng lồ no progress is made."Related: Echo Chamber Effect
The emang lại chamber effect<10> refers khổng lồ a phenomenon that occurs when people are isolated in social circles that confirm personal biases, beliefs and ideologies. Online, the phenomenon became amplified after transitioning from BBS sites khổng lồ social networking communities in the late 2000s, where users & algorithms could curate what feeds they followed based on their own interests & biases. The effect has often been criticized for allowing false information to lớn spread without being challenged & creating barriers in communication between those who giới thiệu differing opinions.
On July 16th, 2005, The Constructive Curmudgeon<11> blog posted a Reviews of the film What the Bleep Do We Know?, khổng lồ which commenter Phil Aldrige referred to lớn the film as a "new age circlejerk." On October 10th, Straight Dope Forums<9> member Zebra posted a thread asking other members lớn define the term "circle jerk," khổng lồ which member THespos responded that it was often used in his office to lớn describe time-wasting meetings. On January 3rd, 2006, an entry titled "The LiveJournal Circle Jerk" was created on the Internet culture wiki Encyclopedia Dramatica,<14> described as "an elitist group of inept trolls who go about LiveJournal, fellating one another"s egos at every turn." On July 18th, 2007, YouTuber chris3ff uploaded a video referring to YouTube celebrity collaboration videos as a "circle jerk" (shown below).Usage on Reddit
The term "circle jerk" is prominently used on topic-based & tight-knit communities lượt thích Reddit và 4chan, where discussions can quickly easily saturated with inside jokes or references that are inaccessible khổng lồ newcomers or casual visitors.
On December 10th, 2008, the /r/circlejerk<6> subreddit was created to lớn mô tả cliched catchphrases, memes & beliefs that are considered khổng lồ be pervasive aý muốn the Reddit community, such as praising the American politician Ron Paul and use of the terms "so brave", "up votes to lớn the left" & "literally Hitler." Since then, several other circlejerk subreddits have sầu been created, including /r/fitnesscirclejerk, /r/engineeringcirclejerk & /r/liberalcirclejerk. On August 6th, 2012, Redditor tikatwit submitted the question "What is /r/circlejerk" khổng lồ the /r/ExplainItLikeImFive<3> subreddit, to which Redditor -Sam-R responded that it was a subreddit for satirizing comtháng posts & beliefs found on social news aggregating site. On January 1st, 2013, Redditor Khiva submitted an "Anatomy of a circlejerk" khổng lồ the /r/circlebroke<5> subreddit, which pointed out several notable quirks about the Reddit "hivemind." As of January 2013, SubRedditFinder<8> has over 65 subreddits tagged with the label "circlejerk" và a Facebook<13> page titled "Reddit Circlejerk" has received over 3,100 likes.