Before we get into lớn the details of Japanese Kogal, we thought it would be fitting và fun khổng lồ giới thiệu a little history about how this look began.
Bạn đang xem: What does kogal mean?
What is Kogal
Kogal (meaning “young” “Gal”) is a more conservative sub-phối of Gyaru fashion that revolves entirely around the school unisize look. This style is extremely popular aước ao young ages.
The term "Kogal" is believed khổng lồ be derived from the combination of the Japanese word for "high school" -- kokhổng lồ gakko, & the English word "gal" which means girl.
Gyaru (or “Gal”) fashion began in nhật bản in the late 1980s and early 1990s và is believed to lớn have sầu been inspired by American television shows that took place in affluent & sun-soaked Californian areas such as Malibu & the San Fernanbởi vì Valley.
Young women in Japan began khổng lồ rebel against Japanese social constructs và emulate the girls on the screen by tanning their skin darker, dyeing their hair lighter, wearing shorter skirts, heavier makeup, và louder fashions.
Kogal became both a fashion trkết thúc and a cultural movement for Japanese youth.
What is Kogal Fashion: More Than a Uniform
Japanese students have had a long and colorful history with their school uniforms (which you can read more about down below). Because of that, the school unikhung has become one of the most well-known fashion features, as known as Japanese kogal fashion.
There are stores completely devoted to lớn selling these kogal uniforms, because students love to lớn wear them in và out of school, even if their school doesn’t require uniforms as part of its dress code.
In fact, even women who are beyond school age still enjoying wearing these dễ thương ensembles.
They have a simple sophistication và are flattering on most toàn thân types.
How khổng lồ Make a Kogal Look of Your Own
Creating a Kogal look of your own is relatively simple và positively fun!
Here are the basic components:
If you’re going for more of a true Gyaru look, you’ll want bigger, fuller, blonder hair, but the Kogal look is a little more simple.
Kogal hair is usually dyed lighter than blaông xã, ranging from light brown, red, & blonde. You can easily wear a wig lượt thích this khổng lồ enjoy the style:
Hair length for the Kogal look is most often long, but could be cut short, & is worn wavy, curly, or straight.
You could wear your hair down, or style it up with some medium-low pigtails, a ponytail, or a half-bun.
Whatever style và color you choose, your hair should look xinh tươi and kawaii, but also a little sexy.
Similar to our note on hairstyles, if you’re going for full Kogal, make sure you’ve sầu been to the tanning salon tóc và have sầu applied a lot of bronzers.
Kogal makeup could include using bronzer, but it is markedly less important than it is for the classic Gyaru look.
Other than that, pay a bit attention lớn your eye makeup & highlight your eyes with thinner eyebrows, nhái lashes, mascara, and eyeliner for a bigger & bolder look.
The tops are all about layers in Kogal, và you can wear more or fewer layers depending on the season.
Start with a white or pastel, collared blouse or T-shirt (short or long sleeve) & a scarf, tie or ribbon tied loosely around your neông chồng.
Next, you can add a vest (either knit, or a more structured fabric), a blazer (extra points if it has a school crest), and/or an oversized sweater.
If you get too hot, you can tie your sweater around your waist & still be on-trkết thúc. Another đáng yêu option for tops would be the sailor unisize (or “sailor fuku”).
It is easily recognizable by its blouse which features a wide collar that extends into lớn a rectangular piece of fabric that cascades over shoulders và upper bachồng.
The collar is typically accompanied by a sash-style tie or a bow at the chest. Often there is a bit of striping on the collar & the end of the shirt sleeves, & the collar và skirt are the same color.
(Clichồng here to lớn find more schoolgirl shirts)
What vày you think of when you hear "school girl skirt"?
Probably pleated, plaid or tarrã, right?
Well, that’s exactly what you’re looking for here.
The Kogal fashion is khổng lồ wear skirts that are pleated, plaid, tartung, or a solid (usually jewel-toned) color, & they’re worn short.
If you’re wearing a big sweater, it should cover the majority of your skirt. Some other skirt options would include wearing a Suspender Skirt or a Jumper Skirt.
The Suspender Skirt Unikhung is what you might expect- there are two suspenders connected khổng lồ a pleated school girl skirt of the same color, with a trắng blouse underneath và a tie at the neông xã. There are a few variations on the Jumper Skirt uniform.
In its most basic khung, it is an American jumper style dress- pleated & plaid, or a solid color- worn over a Trắng collared blouse with either short or long sleeves. And of course, it features a ribbon or tie at the collar.
There are variations of this style depending on how much fabric is on the torso portion of the dress.
Some feature full coverage with a large square of fabric, attached lớn two somewhat narrow, tank-top-style sleeves over the shoulders. Others feature more of a vest or an extra-wide suspender look.
The keywords for Kogal legwear is socks!
You could wear thigh-high socks, mid-calf socks, socks with dễ thương logos, baggy socks or legwarmers.
Try to lớn ayên ổn for solid colors, such as trắng, blachồng, or navy (depending on the colors in the rest of your outfit). You could wear these ensembles with tights as well, but they’re really more commonly worn with tall or loose socks on bare legs.
The combination of the tall sock và short skirt will have sầu an impressive sầu lengthening effect on legs.
The most traditional shoe choice would be Japanese schoolgirl shoes, such as loafers with a low, wide, chunky heel.
These usually come in brown or blaông chồng. You could also wear platsize shoes, boots, or sporty sneakers if you want to lớn add a little color. Pumps are not usually worn, as they are not practical for a school unisize.
But if you want to lớn try it with pumps, go for it!
The main accessory for Kogal fashion is definitely the xinh đẹp bag.
These could take the khung of fashion backpacks, shoulder totes, or small novelty purses in cute or dainty shapes & colors.
These are often decorated with keychains or charms. Another important bag accessory is an actual school bag.
These tend to lớn look lượt thích a cross between a briefcase và a duffle bag and could be made out of nylon or leather, & they come in a wide variety of colors.
Popular Types of Japanese High School Uniforms
Japanese high school uniforms have sầu seen a lot of change over the years. They started as very traditional Japanese garb (such as kimonos), but as nhật bản became more westernized in the late 1800s, so did their fashions và their attitudes.
Around the 1960s and 1970s, many Japanese students were no longer willing lớn conkhung and wear what their school told them khổng lồ wear & they rebelled by making their uniforms inlớn vehicles for their own self-expression instead.
Eventually, Japanese schools chose to either make their uniforms more appealing, or abolish them altogether.
But students still enjoyed getting khổng lồ wear the modified uniforms, even if their school no longer required them. In fact, many students still enjoy wearing their uniforms or Nanchatte Seifuku (“kém chất lượng uniform”) outside of school.
It is a fashion trend that has continued since the rise of Gyaru in the late 1980s/early 1990s until today in nhật bản as well as other countries around the globe.
Here are a few of the popular Japanese Kogal uniform styles you might be familiar with…
Japanese Sailor Uniform
The sailor uniform (or “sailor fuku”) is easily recognizable by its blouse which features a wide collar that extends inlớn a rectangular piece of fabric that cascades over shoulders và upper back.
The collar is typically accompanied by a sash-style tie or a bow at the chest.
(cliông chồng the image lớn see more)
Often there is a bit of striping on the collar and the kết thúc of the shirt sleeves, & the collar và pleated skirt are the same color.
This look was inspired by the naval uniforms of European nations as well as children’s fashions in America at the time.
The sailor unisize is heated in the schoolgirl fashion trover.
The Gakuran style uniform has been in place for boys since the late 1800s.
This is the only unikhung style on this danh mục that is primarily designed for male students. While you can find female versions of these for sale online, they are definitely less comtháng than the other styles we’re looking at.
They have sầu the traditional look of a western military cadet, with a tailored jacket, a line of round, metallic buttons, and a mid-height, stiff collar.
The tailored jacket and pants are generally black but may come in navy xanh, & a White collared shirt is worn underneath.
This is the most current style of Japanese high school unikhung, and it is arguably the most popular unikhung in Kogal style.
Depending on the season, it is worn with a pleated school girl skirt, blouse, tie and vest, sweater and/or blazer.
Suspender Skirt Uniform
The Suspender Skirt Uniform is what you might expect: there are two suspenders connected lớn a pleated skirt of the same color, with a white blouse underneath and a tie at the neck.
Boys và girls can wear this type of unisize in elementary school (though the boys wear it with shorts, rather than a skirt).
As students get older it is less likely to lớn be seen as a true school uniform, but it is still a popular style of nanchatte seifuku (nhái uniform).
Jumper Skirt Uniform
(Psst! For this article we mean the American definition of a jumper, rather than British.)
There are a few variations on the Jumper Skirt unikhung.
In its most basic form, it is a jumper style dress - pleated và plaid, or a solid color - worn over a trắng collared blouse with either short or long sleeves.
And of course, it features a ribbon or tie at the collar. The variations of this style depkết thúc on how much fabric is on the torso portion of the dress.
Some feature full coverage with a large square of fabric, attached to two somewhat narrow, tank-top-style sleeves over the shoulders.
Others feature more of a vest or an extra-wide suspender look.
Jumper Skirt uniform is an older style of Japanese school uniform và is probably the least common for creating a Kogal look, but it"s still worth considering!
Are you ready lớn try Kogal? If you follow these tips, you’re sure lớn earn an A+ in style.