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Robbery vs. Mugging vs. Burglary
RobberyRobbery is a pretty broad term that is used both legally and generally with slightly different meanings.
Definition of robbery in legal terms:
The taking of money or goods in the possession of another, from his or her person or immediate presence, by force or intimidation.
The emphasis here is that the person is actually present.
Definition of robbery in general terms:
The crime of stealing money or property : the crime of robbing a person or place.
This definition is much more general. There is no specific requirement that the person be present for this event or that there be any threat of (or actual) force.
Masked men with guns robbed the bank yesterday. They threatened lớn kill one of the employees if the manager didn"t hvà over the money in the vault.
This fulfills both the legal & general definitions of robbery.
When we came bachồng from our vacation, we found out our trang chủ had been robbed. Fortunately, no one was there and all they took was our TV.
This is a perfectly valid use of robbery but only in the general sense. It does not satisfy the legal definition of robbery and would, instead, be considered burglary (see section below).
Notable idiomatic uses of robbery/robbed:
He was robbed. or You were robbed. or I was robbed.
In sports: A player was about to lớn score (or did score) when the unexpected action of another player or a referee prevents the point from actually being scored.
In finance: (believing that you/someone were/was) being overcharged for a good or service.
The price of the soda and popcorn at the movie theater is highway robbery.
While this used khổng lồ be a literal thing (think Robin Hood), it has now come to mean something similar lớn the phrase above sầu I was robbed:
excessive profit or advantage derived from a business transaction
So, this would mean that a person feels they are being overcharged in a large way for something that is not of very high value.
Mug (as a verb) is defined as:
lớn attaông chồng & rob (someone) in a public place.
Let"s take the sections of this definition in parts:
Attachồng & rob
The general connotation of a mugging is that the person getting mugged is harmed in some physical way or is at least threatened with injury. Often, people who are mugged get beaten up or injured with some sort of weapon. The combination of attacking và theft of personal property is important khổng lồ the definition of mugging.
Someone is important because it"s an action committed against a person, not a place. You can"t mug a bank or a jewelry store. This someone being mugged is also generally only one or maybe two people at a time. This is partially implied if you follow the legal sense of rob.
I actually chose this definition over others because I think that it is important to gọi out the in a public place part. You can"t really be mugged in your trang chủ. One is mugged on the street, in an alleyway, in a park, etc. That doesn"t mean that it"s in the sight of other people, though.
So, from this together, we can see that mugging is a submix of robbery with the added specifiđô thị of actual injury occurring and it being in a generally public place.
I was walking trang chính from work và I got mugged. He gave sầu me a blachồng eye and took my wallet và watch.
My husb& & I were mugged last night. Our assailant had a gun và threatened lớn hurt us if we didn"t h& over our valuables.
Burglary is a little different but I thought worth mentioning here.
Definition of burglary:
The criminal offense of breaking & entering a building illegally for the purpose of committing a crime.
So, what"s notably different here is that no one (other than the perpetrator) is involved in this. What"s also notable is that cống phẩm or monetary theft is not inherently implied in the term... though, in general use, people tover khổng lồ assume that the goal is khổng lồ steal something.
The definition does seem a bit specific as it calls out a building specifically, which would imply that a vehicle couldn"t be the target of burglary. Fortunately, further down in the definition it also states:
Under modern statutes, the offense can occur in any enclosed structure, regardless of whether it is used for habitation.
chú ý that breaking does not actually require doing physical damage lớn the building. A thief finding a door unlocked & entering the building is still guilty of breaking into the building.