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I know the differences in the meaning of word "trash" & "garbage" but how about "take out the trash" vs. "take out the garbage"?Can both these expressions be used interchangeably? What is the difference in meaning if any?

It is legitimate lớn use these terms garbagetrash interchangeably in American chrissiemanby.com:



1.1 A thing that is considered worthless or meaningless:



1.0 chiefly North American Discarded matter; refuse.

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ODO American chrissiemanby.com

In many contexts, garbage might have a unique meaning as the etymologies imply:


"refuse, filth," 1580s; earlier "giblets, refuse of a fowl, waste parts of an animal (head, feet, etc.) used for human food" (early 15c., in early use also gabage, garbish, garbidge ), of unknown origin; OED says probably from Anglo-French "like many other words found in early cookery books." In its sense of "waste material, refuse" it has been influenced by and partly confused with garble (q.v.) in its older sense of "remove refuse material from spices;" Middle chrissiemanby.com had the derived noun garbelage but it is attested only as the action of removing the refuse, not the material itself.

Perhaps the chrissiemanby.com word originally is from a derivative of Old French garbe/jarbe "sheaf of wheat, bundle of sheaves," though the sense connection is difficult. This word is from Proto-Germanic *garba- (cognates: Dutch garf, German garbe "sheaf"), from PIE *ghrebh- (1) "lớn seize, reach" (see grab (v.)).

"In modern American usage garbage is generally restricted khổng lồ mean kitchen and vegetable wastes" . Used figuratively for "worthless, offensive sầu stuff" from 1590s. Garbage can is from 1901. Garbage collector "trash man" is from 1872; Australian shortening garbo attested from 1953. Garbology "study of waste as a social science" is by 1976; garbologist is from 1965.


late 14c., "thing of little use or value, waste, refuse, dross," perhaps from a Scandinavian source (compare Old Norse tros "rubbish, fallen leaves & twigs," Norwegian dialectal trask "lumber, trash, baggage," Swedish trasa "rags, tatters"), of unknown origin.

Source etymonline.com, Emphasis mine.

When the distinction is needed, garbage is much more likely to lớn be used in reference to lớn food waste specifically. Trash may include food waste, but tends to lớn a more generic reference. The distinction becomes important for households that separate refuse for processing in various ways: